II Chronicles - Introduction

Some scholars say Nehemiah wrote 2 Chronicles; others say Ezra wrote it. Second Chronicles takes up where 1 Chronicles left off. Solomon, the son of David and Bathsheba, has just become King of Israel.

The basis for all of Solomon's life is revealed in the first chapter. God told Solomon that He would give him anything he asked for. Solomon simply asked for wisdom to lead his people. (I think he had a lot of wisdom already to ask God for that in the first place!) This pleased God, and God told Solomon that wisdom and knowledge would be his. God also told him that He would give Solomon wealth and riches such as no king before him ever had and none after him would have.

King Solomon's first accomplishment after taking the throne was to build the Temple, God's house. Chapters 2 through 5 tell about the preparation for and building of the Temple, including all the furnishings in the Temple. Chapters 6 and 7 record Solomon's prayer and the dedication of the Temple.

After hearing of Solomon's fame and wisdom, the queen of Sheba visited him 'to test him with hard questions” (9:1). She was amazed at his wisdom. Verse 12 says, 'King Solomon gave the queen of Sheba all she desired and asked for; he gave her more than she had brought to him. Then she left and returned with her retinue to her own country.”

During his reign, King Solomon wrote many writings, including the Book of Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, many of the proverbs and some of the psalms. He ruled in Jerusalem about the same length of time as his father David, forty years, and was succeeded by his son Rehoboam.

Rehoboam would not listen to the wise advice of the elders who had served his father; instead, he consulted the young men who had grown up with him (10:8). In other words, he just listened to his friends. Because of Rehoboam's poor judgment the country split into two kingdoms, the Northern Kingdom (Israel) and the Southern Kingdom (Judah).

Chapters 13 through 36 tell of the different kings who ruled Judah. Although many of them were not righteous kings, a few did seek after the Lord and try to do what was right. Zedekiah, a wicked king, 'did evil in the eyes of the Lord his God and did not humble himself before Jeremiah the prophet, who spoke the word of the Lord” (36:12). Consequently, Jerusalem fell to Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon.

Be sure to read the book carefully, so you will grow in God's Word.