When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to him and said, ''I am God Almighty; walk before me and be blameless'” (17:1).
Abram fell facedown. Then God said, ''This is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations. No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations'” (17:4-5).
So God changed his name from 'Abram,” which means 'exalted father,” to 'Abraham,” which means 'father of many.” God also changed Sarai's name to 'Sarah,” which means 'princess.”
God told Abraham that He would bless Sarah and would surely give Abraham a son by her. Abraham fell facedown and laughed and said to himself, ''Will a son be born to a man a hundred years old? Will Sarah bear a child at the age of ninety?'” (17:17).
God told Abraham, ''My covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you by this time next year'” (17:21). 'Isaac” means 'he laughs.”
The first verse of chapter 18 reads, 'The Lord appeared to Abraham near the great trees of Mamre while he was sitting at the entrance to his tent in the heat of the day.” Verse 2 says, 'Abraham looked up and saw three men standing nearby.”
The Lord appeared to people in many different ways. In this circumstance it was by the appearance of three men. The Lord has the ability to appear to us in any manner He wishes.
The Lord told Abraham that He would return to see Abraham and Sarah in a year and at that time the couple would have a son. The miracle of this is that Sarah was too old to have children. She was listening to their conversation behind the tent entrance, and when she heard what the Lord said about a baby she laughed to herself. Naturally the Lord heard her laugh.
After this conversation with Abraham and Sarah, two of the men departed for the city of Sodom, 'but Abraham remained standing before the Lord” (18:22). The Lord told Abraham that the outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah was very great and their sin was very grievous (v. 20).
Abraham pleaded with the Lord not to destroy Sodom (18:23-33). I call verses 28-32 the 'What if” verses because Abraham used the term 'What if” five times in pleading for the righteous people of Sodom. Abraham started off with, 'What if the number of the righteous is five less than fifty,” and continued until he reached, 'What if only ten can be found there?” Always remember that it is God's wish that none should perish.
In chapter 19 two of the angels who had been with Abraham and Sarah arrived in Sodom. Lot, Abraham's nephew, met them at the city gate. The two angels protected Lot and his family from the men of the city who wanted to harm them. The next morning they swiftly removed Lot and his family away from Sodom. God rained down burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah. The two angels told everyone not to look back on the cities, but Lot's wife disobeyed. As she looked back she turned into a pillar of salt. She paid a quick and expensive price for not obeying what God had told her.
Verses 30 through 38 tell the story of Lot's two daughters who tricked their father into lying with them, and both of them became pregnant. The older daughter had a son, whom she named him Moab; he became the father of the Moabites. The younger daughter had a son, and she named him Ben-Ammi; he became the father of the Ammonites.
Fill in the blanks on the worksheet and on the 'Go to the Word” sheet. May God bless you as you study His Word.
Genesis 17 to 19 Worksheet
God changed Abraham's name from 'Abram,” which means '_______ ______,” to 'Abraham,” which means '______ of many.”
God told Abraham that He would bless Sarah and would surely give Abraham a ___ by her (17:16).
God told Abraham, ''My covenant I will establish with _____, whom Sarah will bear to you by this time next year'” (17:21).
In chapter 18 the Lord appeared to Abraham. Abraham looked up and saw three ___ (18:1-2).
He told Abraham that He would return to see them in a ____ and at that time they would have a son.
When Sarah heard what the Lord said about a ____ she laughed to herself (18:12).
Naturally the Lord heard her laugh and asked, ''Is anything too ____ for the Lord?'” (18:14).
The Lord told Abraham that the outcry against _____ and ________ was very great and their sin was very grievous (18:20).
The Lord said that if only ___ righteous people could be found in Sodom He would not destroy it.
Two ______ arrived in Sodom, and Lot, Abraham's nephew, met them at the city gate (19:1).
The two angels protected Lot and his family by blinding the men who wanted to ____ them (19:11).
The angels brought Lot and his family out of Sodom and told them not to ____ back (19:16-17).
Memory Verse: 'Do not set foot on the path of the wicked or walk in the way of evil men” (Proverbs 4:14).
Go to the Word
Match each Scripture reference below with the correct verse, and then fill in the missing words.
Genesis 17:15 Genesis 18:10 Genesis 17:7 Genesis 18:6
Genesis 18:23 Genesis 18:18 Genesis 19:24 Genesis 18:5
''As for Sarai your wife, you are no longer to call her Sarai; her name Genesis ______
''I will establish my covenant as an ___________ covenant between Genesis ______
me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come,
to be your God and the God of your descendants after you.'”
'Then the Lord said, 'I will surely return to you about this time next Genesis ______
____, and Sarah your wife will have a son.'”
''Abraham will surely become a _____ and powerful nation, and all Genesis ______
nations on earth will be blessed through him.'”
'Then Abraham __________ him and said: 'Will you sweep away the Genesis ______
righteous with the wicked?'”
'So Abraham _______ into the tent to Sarah. 'Quick,' he said, 'get three Genesis ______
seahs of fine flour and knead it and bake some bread.'”
''Let me get you something to ___, so you can be refreshed and then go Genesis ______
on your way—now that you have come to your servant.'”
'The Lord rained down burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah—from Genesis ______
the Lord out of the _______.”