1 Samuel Part 3 Bible Study

Chapter 18 begins by telling us of the very close friendship between David and King Saul's son, Jonathan. 'Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself” (18:3). After David killed Goliath, Saul kept David with him and did not let him return to his father. Whatever Saul sent him to do, David did it so successfully that Saul gave him a high rank in the army (18:5).

When the men were returning home after David had killed the Philistine, the women came out from all the towns of Israel to meet King Saul with singing and dancing. They sang: ''Saul has slain his thousands, and David his tens of thousands'” (18:7). Their song greatly upset King Saul, and from that time on he kept a jealous eye on David.

The next day Saul was in his house and an evil spirit came forcefully upon him. David was playing his harp, as he usually did. Saul hurled a spear at David, but David eluded him twice (18:10-11).

Saul was afraid of David because God was with David but had left Saul. So he sent David away from him to lead the troops in their campaigns. David had great success in everything he did, because the Lord was with him. All of Israel and Judah loved David, but Saul was afraid of him.

Saul gave David his daughter Michal in marriage, hoping that she would be a snare to David (18:21). When Saul realized that the Lord was with David and that Michal loved David, Saul became still more afraid of him (18:28-29).

War again broke out between the Israelites and the Philistines, and David struck them with such force that the Philistines ran (19:8). But an evil spirit came upon Saul, and Saul tried to kill David (19:9-10). David fled and went to Samuel at Ramah and told him all that Saul had done to him (19:18).

Then David went to Jonathan and asked why King Saul was trying to kill him (20:1). Jonathan and David reaffirmed their covenant, and Jonathan agreed to sound out his father and let David know if Saul intended to kill David (20:12-17).

When Saul asked Jonathan why David was not attending the New Moon festival with them, Jonathan responded that he had given David permission to go to Bethlehem to see his family. Saul became furious with Jonathan and hurled his spear at him (20:30-33). Then Jonathan knew that his father intended to kill David, and he warned David.

When David's brothers heard that David had escaped to the cave of Adullam, they went down to him there (22:1). David also accumulated a small army of about six hundred men (23:13). 'David stayed in the desert strongholds and in the hills of the Desert of Ziph. Day after day Saul searched for him, but God did not give David into his hands” (23:14).

Saul got word that David was hiding in the Desert of En Gedi (24:1). So he took three thousand men and set out to look for David. Along the way, Saul went into a cave to relieve himself. David crept up unnoticed and cut off a corner of Saul's robe. David could easily have killed Saul, but he didn't even scratch him! David refused to harm Saul because Saul was God's anointed king.

David told Saul, ''I have not wronged you, but you are hunting me down to take my life. May the LORD judge between you and me. And may the LORD avenge the wrongs you have done to me, but my hand will not touch you'” (24:11-12).

Saul realized that David had been the righteous one. ''May the LORD reward you well for the way you treated me today'” (24:19). David gave his oath to Saul that he would not cut off Saul's descendants (24:21-22).

In chapter 28 we read that Samuel had died and Saul had expelled the mediums and spiritists from the land (28:3). The Philistine army gathered to fight against Israel. 'When Saul saw the Philistine army, he was afraid; terror filled his heart” (28:5). He inquired of the Lord, but the Lord did not answer him. Saul had lost the Lord as his comforter and advisor. Saul told his men to find a medium, so he could consult her. They told him about the witch in Endor.

So Saul disguised himself and went at night to see her (28:8). Saul asked her to consult a spirit for him. The witch was afraid and thought he had set a trap for her. Saul swore to her by the Lord that it was not a trap, and he told her to summon Samuel. When Samuel asked Saul why he had summoned him, Saul told him, ''God has turned away from me. He no longer answers me'” (v. 15).

Samuel told Saul, ''The LORD has torn the kingdom out of your hands and given it to one of your neighbors—to David. Because you did not obey the LORD'” (28:17-18). Samuel also said that Saul and his sons would be killed the next day.

In chapter 31 we read that the Israelites fled from the Philistines and Jonathan was killed and Saul was wounded. Saul took his own sword and fell on it, taking his life.

First Samuel contains many interesting stories, so be sure to read the book carefully. Fill in the blanks on the worksheet and on the 'Go to the Word” sheet. May God bless you as you study His Word.

1 Samuel, Part 3, Worksheet
Warren Simmons

'Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as _______” (18:3).
'Whatever Saul sent him to do, David did it so ____________ that Saul gave him a high rank in the ____” (18:5).
After David killed Goliath, the women came out from all the towns of Israel singing, ''Saul has slain his _________, and David his ____ of thousands'” (18:7).
Their song greatly upset King Saul, and from that time on he kept a _______ eye on David (18:9).
An ____ spirit came upon Saul, and Saul tried to kill David, but David eluded him twice (18:10-11).
David struck the ___________ with such force that they ran (19:8).
An ____ spirit came upon Saul, and Saul tried to ____ David (19:9-10).
David fled and went to ______ at Ramah and told him all that Saul had done to him (19:18).
David went to ________ and asked why King Saul was trying to kill him (20:1).
________ agreed to sound out his father and let David know if Saul intended to kill him (20:12-17).
When Jonathan realized that his father intended to ____ David, he warned David.
David fled, and he accumulated a small army of about ___ _______ men (23:13).
'Day after day Saul ________ for him, but God did not give David into his hands” (23:14).
David could have killed Saul, but he didn't hurt him because Saul was God's ________ king (24:6).
Saul told David, ''May the LORD ______ you well for the way you treated me today'” (24:19).
Saul went to the witch of Endor and asked her to summon ______ (28:11).
Samuel told Saul, ''The LORD has torn the _______ out of your hands and given it to one of your neighbors—to David. Because you did not ____ the LORD'” (28:17-18).
The next day Jonathan was ______ and Saul was wounded. Saul took his own ____ (31:2-5).

Memory Verse: 'The LORD is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger and rich in love” (Psalm 145:8).

1 Samuel, Part 3
Go to the Word

Match each Scripture reference below with the correct verse, and then fill in the missing words.

    1 Samuel 22:1    1 Samuel 20:24    1 Samuel 19:9    1 Samuel 18:12
    1 Samuel 23:14  1 Samuel 28:24    1 Samuel 30:6    1 Samuel 19:10

'Saul was ______ of David, because the LORD was with David but had                1 Samuel ______
left Saul.”

'But an evil ______ from the LORD came upon Saul as he was sitting in his       1 Samuel ______
house with his spear in his hand.”

'David left ____ and escaped to the cave of Adullam. When his brothers and      1 Samuel ______
his father's _________ heard about it, they went down to him there.”

'____ tried to pin him to the wall with his _____, but David eluded him as            1 Samuel ______
Saul drove the spear into the wall.”

'So _____ hid in the field, and when the New Moon festival came, the king           1 Samuel ______
sat down to eat.”

'David stayed in the ______ strongholds and in the hills of the Desert of               1 Samuel ______
Ziph. Day after day Saul searched for him, but God did not give David into
his _____.”

'The woman had a ________ calf at the house, which she butchered at once.       1 Samuel ______
She took some _____, kneaded it and baked bread without yeast.”

'David was greatly distressed because the men were talking of ______                   1 Samuel ______
him; each one was bitter in spirit because of his sons and daughters. But
David found ________ in the LORD his God.”