Nehemiah Introduction Bible Study

The Book of Nehemiah continues the history of the Jews who returned from exile in Babylon.

Nehemiah was the cupbearer to Artaxerxes, the king of Persia. Nehemiah's name means 'Yahweh Comforts.” Nehemiah was a man of great respect, boldness, integrity and honor. He returned to Jerusalem about one hundred years after the return of the first exiles. Ezra had been in Jerusalem about thirteen years and was a spiritual leader to the people.

Although the Temple had been rebuilt, the walls of Jerusalem lay in ruins and its gates had been destroyed. From the king of Persia, Nehemiah received the authority to start rebuilding the wall.

Nehemiah inspired the people to begin building in spite of opposition from Israel's enemies, who did not want the wall to be rebuilt. Chapter 3 lists the different gates that were rebuilt and the people who rebuilt them. It took the people only fifty-two days to rebuild the wall, which had been destroyed 142 years earlier (6:15). When Israel's enemies heard about this, they were afraid and lost their self-confidence, because they realized that this work had been done with the help of God (v. 16).

Notice something very interesting: Chapter 7 in the Book of Nehemiah and chapter 2 in the Book of Ezra are virtually the same. They both list the men of Israel who returned to Jerusalem and Judah. Perhaps this repetition shows us that God knows by name all who are His.

The people probably had not heard the Law read in quite some time, and some of them may never have heard it read. Ezra brought out the Law and read it to all the people who were able to understand (8:2). He read it aloud from daybreak till noon, and all the people listened attentively. When the people understood what the Law said and realized that they should be observing the Feast of Tabernacles, they built themselves booths and lived in them for seven days (vv. 16-17). Day after day, from the first day to the seventh day, 'Ezra read from the Book of the Law of God” (v. 18).

In chapters 9 and 10 we read that the people confessed their sins and made a solemn covenant with God to follow His law and carefully obey His commands. They promised not to intermarry with the idol-worshiping people around them (10:30). Reading God's Word can bring revival.

Chapter 13 tells us that Nehemiah later returned to Jerusalem to serve another term as governor of Judah.

God is telling us in this book that we should never give up. All things are possible if we trust Him and allow Him to work in our lives.

Fill in the blanks on the worksheet and on the 'Go to the Word” sheet. May God bless you as you study His Word.

Nehemiah Worksheet
Warren Simmons

Nehemiah was the _________ to __________, the king of Persia.
Nehemiah was a man of great respect, ________, integrity and _____.
He returned to Jerusalem about ___ _______ years after the return of the first exiles.
Ezra had been in Jerusalem about ________ years and was a spiritual leader to the people.
Although the ______ had been rebuilt, the walls of Jerusalem lay in ruins and its gates had been destroyed (1:3).
From the king of Persia, Nehemiah received the authority to start rebuilding the wall, and he became the ________ of Jerusalem.
Nehemiah inspired the people to begin building in spite of opposition from Israel's _______.
It took the people only _____-___ days to rebuild the wall (6:15).
When Israel's enemies heard about this, they were ______ and lost their self-confidence, because they realized that this work had been done with the help of ___ (6:16).
Ezra brought out the ___ and read it to all the people who were able to understand (8:2).
He read it aloud from daybreak till noon, and all the people listened ___________ (8:3).
When the people realized that they should be observing the Feast of Tabernacles, they built themselves ______ and lived in them for seven days (8:16-17).
From the _____ day to the seventh day, 'Ezra read from the Book of the ___ of God” (8:18).
The people _________ their sins and made a solemn covenant with God to follow His law and carefully obey His commands (9:2; 10:28-29).
They promised not to __________ with the idol-worshiping people around them (10:30).

Memory Verse: 'Listen to your father, who gave you life, and do not despise your mother when she is old” (Proverbs 23:22).

Nehemiah
Go to the Word

Match each Scripture reference below with the correct verse, and then fill in the missing words.

Nehemiah 12:31    Nehemiah 2:13    Nehemiah 8:5    Nehemiah 4:6
Nehemiah 13:12    Nehemiah 4:21    Nehemiah 6:3    Nehemiah 9:5

'So we _________ the work with half the men holding spears, from the           Nehemiah ______
first light of dawn till the stars came out.”

'So we _______ the wall till all of it reached half its height, for the people         Nehemiah ______
worked with all their heart.”

'By night I went out through the ______ Gate toward the Jackal Well and           Nehemiah ______
the Dung Gate, examining the walls of Jerusalem, which had been broken
down.”

'I had the _______ of Judah go up on top of the wall.”                                              Nehemiah ______

'All Judah brought the ______ of grain, new wine and oil into the storerooms.” Nehemiah ______

''Blessed be your ________ name, and may it be exalted above all blessing     Nehemiah ______
and ______.'”

'Ezra opened the ____. All the people could see him because he was standing Nehemiah ______
above them; and as he opened it, the people all _____ up.”

'So I sent __________ to them with this reply: 'I am carrying on a great                Nehemiah ______
project and cannot go down. Why should the ____ stop while I leave it
and go down to you?'”