Lamentations Introduction Bible Study

The prophet Jeremiah wrote the Book of Lamentations. The original Hebrew title is translated 'Oh, how!” The Talmud renamed the book Quinoth, which means 'lamentations” or 'elegies” (funeral songs).1 As the title suggests, the book is a cry of grief over the destruction of Jerusalem and sorrow for the Jewish people who had been taken into captivity.

In the original Hebrew, the book comprises five poems and each verse of chapters 1, 2 and 4 begin with a letter of the Hebrew alphabet. This form of Hebrew poetry made the poems easier to remember.

In chapter 1, we read that Jerusalem had sinned greatly (1:8). 'The Lord has brought her grief because of her many sins. Her children have gone into exile, captive before the foe” (1:5). Jeremiah had prophesied the destruction of Jerusalem and had called the people to repentance, but they had not heeded God's warning. They had broken His covenant with them. Even though they were God's chosen people, they still had to face the consequences of their sins.

The Book of Lamentations is broken down into six major themes about suffering.

1. The people's suffering was the result of sin.
2. Their suffering was from God and not from man.
3. Amid the suffering, Jeremiah wept over the people's sins. Tears and prayer belong together.
4. Suffering should direct people toward God.
5. Prayer should always look for hope.
6. We should submit suffering to God, pray and be patient.

Suffering is not always God's punishment for sin. Satan also can bring suffering upon us, as he did to Job. We should take everything, both good and bad, to the Lord in prayer. After our suffering has ended and God has blessed us, we must never forget where the blessings came from.

Fill in the blanks on the worksheet and on the 'Go to the Word” sheet. May God bless you as you study His Word.

Lamentations Worksheet
Warren Simmons

The prophet ________ wrote the Book of Lamentations.
The Talmud renamed the book Quinoth, which means 'lamentations” or 'elegies” (_______ songs).
The book is Jeremiah's cry of grief over the ___________ of Jerusalem.
In the original Hebrew, the book comprises five _____.
In chapter 1 we read that _________ had sinned greatly (1:8).
'The Lord has brought her _____ because of her many sins. Her children have gone into _____, captive before the foe” (1:5).
Jeremiah had called the people to __________, but they had not heeded God's warning.
Even though they were God's chosen people, they still had to face the ____________ of their sins.
The Book of Lamentations is broken down into six major ______ about suffering.
The people's suffering was the result of ___.
Their suffering was from ___ and not from ___.
Amid the suffering, Jeremiah ____ over the people's sins. Tears and ______ belong together.
Suffering should direct people toward ___.
Prayer should always look for ____.
We should submit _________ to God, pray and be patient.
Suffering is not always God's punishment for sin. _____ also can bring suffering upon us, as he did to Job.
We should take everything, both good and bad, to the Lord in ______.
When we receive blessings from God we must never forget where the _________ came from.

Memory Verse: 'I will say of the LORD, 'He is my refuge and my fortress, my God, in whom I trust'” (Psalm 91:2).

Lamentations
Go to the Word

Match each Scripture reference below with the correct verse, and then fill in the missing words.
Lamentations 1:1-2 Lamentations 3:22-23 Lamentations 5:1-3
Lamentations 2:17 Lamentations 3:38-39 Lamentations 4:12-13

'Because of the LORD'S great love we are not ________, for his Lamentations ______
compassions never fail. They are ____ every morning; great is
your faithfulness.”

'Is it not from the mouth of the ____ ____ that both calamities Lamentations ______
and good things come? Why should any living man complain
when punished for his ____?”

'How deserted lies the city, once so full of people! How like a Lamentations ______
widow is she, who once was great among the _______! She who
was _____ among the provinces has now become a slave. Bitterly
she weeps at night, _____ are upon her cheeks.”

'The Lord has done what he _______; he has fulfilled his word, Lamentations ______
which he decreed long ago.”

'Remember, O LORD, what has happened to us; look, and see Lamentations ______
our disgrace. Our ___________ has been turned over to aliens,
our homes to foreigners. We have become orphans and fatherless,
our mothers like _______.”

'The kings of the earth did not believe, nor did any of the world's Lamentations ______
people, that _______ and foes could enter the gates of Jerusalem.
But it happened because of the sins of her ________ and the
_________ of her priests.”


1   NIV Archaeological Study Bible (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2005), 1296.