Job Introduction Bible Study

The Book of Job is mostly dialogue: first, dialogue between God and Satan, then between Job and his friends and, finally, between Job and God. We do not know who wrote the book, but we know that God inspired the writer. Most Old Testament evangelical scholars agree 'the story of Job ranks in age alongside the history of the patriarchs recorded in Genesis. Job is believed by many to have lived during the time of the patriarchs, like Abraham and Jacob and Joseph.” 1

I imagine if you asked a dozen people the theme of the Book of Job you might get a dozen different answers. However, most agree that the theme is 'the suffering of the righteous.” We find it hard to understand why people who love the Lord suffer.

The first verse introduces Job. 'In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job. This man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil.” Job regularly sacrificed a burnt offering early in the morning for each of his children in case his children had sinned and cursed God in their hearts (1:5). He had seven sons and three daughters and many possessions. 'He was the greatest man among all the people of the East” (1:3).

Verses 6-12 contain the dialogue between God and Satan. God pointed out to Satan that Job was a blameless and upright man. Satan replied that Job served God only because of the many blessings God had given him. ''Stretch out your hand and strike everything he has, and he will surely curse you to your face'” (v. 11). God granted Satan permission to test Job by allowing him to take everything Job had. But He would not allow Satan to take Job's life.

First, the Sabeans attacked and carried off Job's oxen and donkeys and killed all but one of his servants. Second, fire fell from the sky and burned up his sheep and his servants. Next, the Chaldeans stole Job's camels and killed his servants. Finally, all of Job's sons and daughters were killed by a mighty wind.

Job fell to the ground in worship. ''The LORD gave and the LORD has taken away; may the name of the LORD be praised'” (1:20-21).

In chapter 2 we read that Satan afflicted Job with painful sores all over his body. His suffering was so great that Job's wife said to him, ''Are you still holding on to your integrity? Curse God and die!'” (2:9). But Job held his ground and stayed true to God.

When Job's three friends came to visit him they could hardly recognize him. They sat on the ground with him for seven days and seven nights and did not say a word to him, because they saw how great his suffering was (2:12-13).

Chapters 3 through 37 contain numerous dialogues between Job and his three friends Zophar, Eliphaz and Bildad. After they had finished speaking, a fourth man, Elihu, spoke to Job. Job's friends tried to convince Job that he had sinned and he must repent. They told him that only God could be righteous and that he must have done something wrong or he would not be suffering.

Chapters 38 through 41 record God's counsel and wisdom to Job. God questioned Job, reminding him who made and sustains all of creation. We read Job's response in chapter 42. ''I know that you can do all things; no plan of yours can be thwarted. . . . My ears had heard of you but now my eyes have seen you. Therefore I despise myself and repent in dust and ashes'” (42:2, 5-6).

God told Eliphaz that He was angry with him and his two friends because they had not spoken what was right, as His servant Job had. God told them to go to Job and sacrifice a burnt offering for themselves. Job prayed for them, and God accepted Job's prayer and forgave Job's friends.

Verses 12-17 tell us that the Lord blessed the latter part of Job's life more than the first, restoring to him more than he had had before. He even blessed Job with seven more sons and three more daughters.

The Book of Job reminds us to always trust God no matter what happens to us. Although Satan may tempt us and accuse us, bringing up our sins before God, Jesus stands in the gap for us. Satan can do only what God allows. No problem is too big for our God, and He rewards those who seek Him.

Fill in the blanks on the worksheet and on the 'Go to the Word” sheet. May God bless you as you study His Word.

Job Worksheet
Warren Simmons

Job was _________ and upright; he feared God and shunned evil (1:1).
In chapter 1, verses 6-12 contain the dialogue between God and ______.
God pointed out to Satan that Job was a _________ and upright man (1:8).
Satan replied, ''Stretch out your hand and strike everything he has, and he will surely _____ you to your face'” (1:11).
God granted Satan permission to test Job by allowing him to take __________ Job had.
But He would not allow Satan to take Job's ____.
The Sabeans stole Job's ____ and _______ and killed his servants (1:14-15).
Fire fell from the sky and burned up his ______ and his ________ (1:16).
The Chaldeans formed three raiding parties and stole his _______ and killed his ________ (1:17).
All of Job's sons and daughters were killed by a mighty ______.
Job's response was to fall to the ground in _______ (1:20-21).
Satan afflicted Job with painful ______ all over his body (2:7).
Job's wife said to him, ''Are you still holding on to your integrity? ______ God and die!'” (2:9).
But Job held his ground and stayed ____ to God.
Job's friends tried to convince Job that he had _______ and he must repent.
God questioned Job, reminding him who made and sustains all of ________ (chapters 38 to 41).
''I know that you can do all things; no ____ of yours can be thwarted'” (42:2).
Job prayed for his _______, and God accepted Job's prayer and forgave Job's friends.
God blessed Job and restored to him _____ than he had had before (42:12-16).

Memory Verse: 'We will shout for joy when you are victorious and will lift up our banners in the name of our God” (Psalm 20:5).

Job
Go to the Word

Match each Scripture reference below with the correct verse, and then fill in the missing words.
Job 2:1 2 Job 33:32 Job 2:8 Job 5:24 Job 42:10
Job 1:12 Job 1:20 Job 8:3 Job 5:14

''You will know that your tent is _______; you will take stock of your Job ______
property and find nothing missing.'”

''If you have anything to say, ______ me; speak up, for I want you to Job ______
be cleared.'”

'The LORD said to ______, 'Very well, then, everything he has is in Job ______
your hands, but on the man himself do not lay a finger.'”

'When they saw him from a _________, they could hardly recognize Job ______
him; they began to weep aloud, and they tore their robes and sprinkled
dust on their heads.”

''Does God pervert _______? Does the Almighty pervert what is right?'” Job ______

''Darkness comes upon them in the _______; at noon they grope as in Job ______
the night.'”

'At this, Job got up and ____ his robe and shaved his head.” Job ______

'After Job had _______ for his friends, the LORD made him prosperous Job ______
again and gave him twice as much as he had before.”

'Then Job took a piece of _______ pottery and scraped himself with it Job ______
as he sat among the ashes.”

1   The Living Insights Study Bible, ed., Charles R. Swindoll (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1996), 519.